Three-dimensional telesurgery and remote proctoring over a 5G network

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Edward S. Lu, BA
Vincent S. Reppucci, MD
S.K. Steven Houston III, MD, FASRS
Ashley L. Kras, MD, MBI
John B. Miller, MD


To present 2 cases of vitreoretinal surgery performed on a three-dimensional (3D) heads-up display surgical platform with real-time transfer of 3D video over a fifth-generation (5G) cellular network.

An epiretinal membrane peel and tractional retinal detachment repair performed at Massachusetts Eye and Ear in April 2019 were broadcast live to the Verizon 5G Lab in Cambridge, MA.

Both surgeries were successful. The heads-up digital surgery platform, combined with a 5G network, allowed telesurgical transfer of high-quality 3D vitreoretinal surgery with minimal degradation. Average end-to-end latency was 250 ms, and average round-trip latency was 16 ms. Fine surgical details were observed remotely by a proctoring surgeon and trainee, with real-time communication via mobile phone.

This pilot study represents the first successful demonstration of vitreoretinal surgery transmitted over a 5G network. Telesurgery has the potential to enhance surgical education, provide intraoperative consultation and guidance from expert proctors, and improve patient outcomes, especially in remote and low-resource areas.


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How to Cite
Lu, BA ES, Reppucci, MD VS, Houston III, MD, FASRS SS, Kras, MD, MBI AL, Miller, MD JB. Three-dimensional telesurgery and remote proctoring over a 5G network. Digit J Ophthalmol. 2021;27(3):38-43. doi:10.5693/djo.01.2021.06.003
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